You may suspect you have oily, dry, or sensitive skin, but do you really know your skin type? Knowing your real skin type can help the next time you’re in the cosmetics aisle. In fact, using the wrong products — or even popularized Internet hacks — for your skin type could worsen acne, dryness, or other skin problems.
Read on to learn:
- how to build your own skin care routine.
- how to treat specific skin concerns like acne or scars.
- which DIY skin hacks aren’t healthy, even if they seem to work.
No matter what is your skin type, a daily skin care routine can help you maintain overall skin health and improve specific concerns like acne, scarring, and dark spots. A daily skin care routine has four basic steps you can do once in the morning and once before you go to bed.
- Cleansing: Choose a cleanser that doesn’t leave your skin tight after washing. Clean your face two times a day, or just once, if you have dry skin and don’t wear makeup. Avoid washing for that squeaky-clean feeling because that means your skin’s natural oils are gone.
- Serums: A serum with vitamin C or growth factors or peptides would be better in the morning, under sunscreen. At night, retinol or prescription retinoids work best
- Moisturizer: Even oily skin needs moisturizer, but use one that is lightweight, gel-based, and non-comedogenic, or doesn’t block your pores, like CeraVe’s facial lotion. Dry skin may benefit from more cream-based moisturizers like MISSHA Super Aqua Cell Renew Snail Cream. Most brands will label their products as gel or cream on their packaging.
- Sunscreen: Apply sunscreen with at least 30 SPF 15 minutes before heading outdoors, as it takes a while for sunscreen to activate. Darker skin tones actually need more sun protection because hyperpigmentation is harder to correct.
As we see You should know your true skin type so you can choose products that fit it and sensitivity, and remember to read the labels. Some products, such as retinol or prescription retinoids, should only be applied at night.
Somme Advices For all skin types :
• Stay hydrated.
• Change pillow cases at least once a week.
• Wash or wrap up hair before bed.
• Wear sunscreen every day and apply 15 minutes before going out.
First you can start with a basic and simple routine to see how your skin reacts. when you start feelling you’re comfortable, you can then add extra products such as exfoliants, masks, and spot treatments to boost your skin’s health.
And don’t forget to patch test new products, especially if you suspect you have sensitive skin. This can help you identify potential allergic reactions.
To patch test a new product:
- Apply a small amount of product on your skin in a discreet area, such as the inside of your wrist or your inner arm.
- Wait 48 hours to see if there’s a reaction.
- Check the area at 96 hours after application to see if you have a delayed reaction.
An allergic reaction may include irritation, redness, small bumps, or itchiness. If you notice these symptoms, wash the area you tested with water and a gentle cleanser. Then return the product and try another that better suits your skin type.
People report wonders from using DIY hacks like lemon juice and toothpaste for common skin problems like acne bumps and dark spots. But the truth is these hacks may cause more long-term harm than benefit because they can damage your skin’s barrier.
Examples of DIY hacks you should avoid :
Lemon juice: It may have citric acidic, but it’s far too acidic and can cause dark spots to appear after sun exposure. It can also dry and irritate your skin.
Baking soda: At a 8 pH level, baking soda will stress your skin.
Garlic: In raw form, garlic can cause skin allergies, eczema, skin inflammation, and watery blisters.
Toothpaste: The ingredients in toothpaste may kill germs and absorb oil, but they can also dry out or irritate your skin.
Sugar: As an exfoliant, sugar is too harsh for the skin on your face.
Vitamin E: Topical application of vitamin E can irritate your skin and is not proven to improve scar appearance.
Some of these ingredients may be all natural and cost-effective, but they aren’t formulated for your skin. Even if you don’t feel immediate side effects, these ingredients can cause delayed or long-term damage. It’s best to use products formulated for your face. Talk to your doctor or dermatologist before trying DIY applications on your skin.
There are ways to tackle skin problems without damaging your skin. Just remember the number one rule of skin care: Don’t pick! Picking at acne, scabs, blackheads, or other skin problems can cause open wounds or darker skin spots known as hyperpigmentation. Open wounds can lead to infections, more acne, or scars. The deeper the wound, the more likely your skin will scar.
Here are some scientifically backed ways to treat problem areas.
Acne treatment depends on how deep or serious your acne is. Overall skin care is the most important step in treating acne, but for mild acne you can use nonprescription products from your local drugstore such as:
- benzoyl peroxide
- alpha hydroxy acids
- tea tree oil
- salicylic acid
Always try to use sunscreen after using these products in the morning, because they may cause extra skin sensitivity.
Sebaceous filaments :
Beneath the skin’s surface lie tiny glands that create sebum, an oily substance that helps lubricate the skin. Sebaceous filaments are structures that allow sebum to flow to the surface of the skin. Sebaceous filaments can make your pores look bigger, and you may be tempted to remove them by pinching your skin or using pore strips. But these methods may cause more side effects than benefits for your skin, especially if you don’t do them properly.
Overtime, you can also cause:
- open pores and infection
You can use somme topical preparations containing retinol or retinoids to keep pores clear and clean. You may also find benefits from massaging your face with mineral or castor oil for one minute.
The other way to remove sebaceous filaments is by using an extraction tool ; This is a small metal instrument with a tiny circle at the end :
The Best and safest method is to have an dermatologist or esthetician remove them for you, but you can also do this at home:
- Start By cleaning your face and your instrument.
- Gently press the circle around the bump to see if the filament comes out. Be careful as excessive pressure can cause bruising and scarring.
- Treat the area with toner and moisturizer after.
- Always sanitize your instrument with rubbing alcohol before and after use to prevention infections.